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In the 21st century the cable jetting technique is used worldwide, from small optical telecom cables (1.8 mm diameter) in small microducts (3 mm internal diameter) up to large copper telecom cables (35 mm diameter) in large ducts (50 mm internal diameter). Jetting is done with a pressure of the compressed air in the order of 10 bar. With the jetting technique distances per blow of 3.5 km have been reached, while spliceless links of 12 km have been reached by placing jetting equipment in tandem. It is possible to install 12 km in one day with one small crew.
In mid 1990s the technique was also developed to install multiple smaller microducts, bundles, into a larger duct in one installation. This is called multi-ducting, microduct cabling, or bundle blowing . Each can hold a cable.
Another capability is to install a single cable or a bundle of small ducts into an occupied duct. The most cost driving activity of installing a network is the need for civil works. Thus, re-using ducts occupied with one cable, leaving some space, is a tempting and often possible and cost effective alternative. FO Cable blowing machines
- Longer installation distances can be reached
- Installation distance less dependent on bends and undulations in duct
- Forces exerted on the cable are lower
- Easier use jet in tandem operation
- The step of installing a winch rope is avoided
- Equipment is needed only at one end of the duct route
fiber blowing machines – cable-jet.com
Cable jetting is the process of blowing a cable through a duct while simultaneously pushing the cable into the duct.
Compressed air is injected at the duct inlet and flows through the duct and along the cable at high speed.
(Preferably, no suction pig is used at the cable head.)
The high speed air propels the cable due to drag forces and pressure drop. The friction of the cable against the duct is reduced by the distributed airflow, and large forces that would generate high friction are avoided. Because of the expanding airflow, the air propelling forces are relatively small at the cable inlet and large at the air exhaust end of the duct. To compensate for this, an additional pushing force is applied to the cable by the jetting equipment.
Condux fibre optic cable blowing machines
The pushing force, acting mainly near the cable inlet, combined with the airflow propelling forces, increasing the maximum jetting distance considerably. Special lubricants have been developed for cable jetting to further reduce friction.
Cable unraveler is used to unravel fibre optic cable coiled on a roller in the form of slack towards a certain region
with machine cable unraveler removes human facter and saves your time in cable unraveling job. The same system can be
used inversely way that the cable unravelled in the form of slack is sent to the inside of hdp pipe.